Relationship between knee joint kinematics and the soleus H reflex during walking

  • 4.64 MB
  • English
H-Reflex., Knee Joint., Wal
Statementby Thomas Kerr.
SeriesM.Med.Sc -- 897.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17537077M

First, the modulation pattern of the soleus H-reflex during walking was measured and correlated with kinematic variables of the leg joints and with the EMG activity of the soleus and TA. The same measurements were done when the subjects walked with a rigid knee brace thereby essentially eliminating movements about the by:   Soleus H-reflex gain in humans walking and running under simulated reduced gravity Daniel P Ferris, Per Aagaard, * Erik B Simonsen, † Claire T Farley, and Poul Dyhre-Poulsen * * Department of Medical Physiology, Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3, DK Copenhagen N, DenmarkCited by:   BRAIN RESEARCH ELSEVIER Brain Research () Research report The relationship between the kinematics of passive movement, the stretch of extensor muscles of the leg and the change induced in the gain of the soleus H reflex in humans J.

Cheng, J.D. Brooke *, J.E. Misiaszek, W.R. Staines The Human Neurophysiology Laboratory, School of Human Biology and Cited by: Alrowayeh et al. [2] measured Hoffmann reflex amplitude in the soleus muscle at different angles of the knee joint (0°, 30°, 45°, 60°) and observed no significant differences in H-reflex.

Previous research examining the influence of knee position on H-reflex amplitude also indicates that changes in knee movements are unlikely to induce any changes in soleus H-reflex excitability. Our earlier study examining ankle joint kinematics reported a decrease in dorsiflexion during the swing phase of walking with PAFO (Fig.

4) [18].Cited by: 3.

Details Relationship between knee joint kinematics and the soleus H reflex during walking EPUB

During normal walking, the soleus H-reflex modulation pattern is strongly correlated with the EMG events of the soleus and tibialis anterior (TA), but not with hip, knee, or ankle angular.

the relationship between muscle flexibility and 3D knee kinematics in runners. This supports the premise that there is an association between muscle flexibility and transverse-plane knee kinematics in this population.

Keywords: gait analysis, sports rehabilitation, iliotibial band For many individuals, long-distance running is the sport of choice. The H-reflex amplitude was on average 40% lower during beam walking than treadmill walking.

Download Relationship between knee joint kinematics and the soleus H reflex during walking FB2

The relationship between the H-reflex amplitude and the SOL EMG level was quantified by a regression. The coupling between joint kinematics and kinetics during level walking was analysed by plotting joint angles vs. joint moments about the hip, knee and ankle in nine normal male subjects walking at three different velocities.

The curves obtained were reproducible, and variability among subjects was relatively low. Summary. Study aim: discussion of applications of H-reflex in kinesiology. Material and methods: used keywords H-reflex, Hoffmann reflex, kinesiology, EMG, biomechanics, orthopaedics, rehabilitation, and sports medicine to search EBSCO subsequent results to analyse clinical trials and to review articles.

Results: in many studies, authors describe the role of examining H-reflex. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of spatial cartilage thickness distributions of the femur and tibia in the knee to the knee kinematics during walking. Gait data and knee MR images were obtained from 17 healthy volunteers (age ± years).

Cartilage thickness maps were created for the femoral and tibial cartilage. The forces that act on the knee during walking are about three times the magnitude of those associated with a person's weight (ThambyahMorrison ).

In view of these large forces, Nature's rolling joint design is a brilliant idea to avoid wear and tear in the first place. The H-reflex gain was determined as the slope of the relationship between the H-reflex and soleus EMG amplitudes at ms before the H-reflex for each bin.

ankle joint moment pattern during. The differences in femoral anatomy create unique motion patterns for the MFC and LFC and this drives complex kinematics. For example, the MFC radius of curvature is relatively uniform and so the MFC remains mostly stationary during knee flexion, while the LFC travels posteriorly on the tibia (posterior rollback) due to the change in radius of curvature.

Two-tailed Spearman-Rho correlation analysis was executed to display the relationship between the recorded neuromuscular (EMG and H-reflex amplitudes) and kinematic variables (COP displacement and peak index).

All analyses were executed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). A common measure of H‐reflex gain is the slope of the relationship between H‐reflex amplitude and EMG amplitude.

To examine soleus H‐reflex gain across a range of EMG levels during human locomotion, we used simulated reduced gravity to reduce muscle activity. We hypothesised that H‐reflex gain would be independent of gravity level.

Description Relationship between knee joint kinematics and the soleus H reflex during walking FB2

When untrained subjects walk backward on a treadmill the amplitude of the soleus H-reflex in midswing is equal to or exceeds the value in stance. This is a surprising result because during the swin. The relationship between the function of the muscles involved in the observed reflex responses and the kinematic abnormalities seen during in hemiparetic gait provides further evidence that these reflex abnormalities may be related to functional impairments.

Rymer Z. Effects of changes in hip joint angle on H-reflex excitability in humans. Jay Roberts, PhD. THE size of the soleus Hoffmann (H) reflex in young adults is modulated during the step cycle. The reflex is minimal at the time of heel contact, increases to a maximum during stance, and decreases rapidly just prior to toe-off, then is minimal during swing () () ().Phase-dependent regulation of reflex transmission is an important component of motor control.

Masami Akai's research works with 2, citations and 8, reads, including: Effect and usability of anti-inflammatory drug plasters for knee osteoarthritis: A crossover, double-blind. Neuromuscular deficits are common following knee injuries and may contribute to early-onset post-traumatic osteoarthritis, likely mediated through quadriceps dysfunction.

To identify how peri-articular neuromuscular function changes over time after knee injury and surgery. Systematic review with meta-analyses. PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, CENTRAL (Trials). The purpose of this study was to compare postural control and neurophysiologic components of balance after dry needling of the fibularis longus betwee.

Matsas et al. () have shown that knee joint kinematics obtained from treadmill walking after 6 min of customization are not significantly different from those obtained from overground walking. Further (Tulchin et al., ) compared multi-segment foot kinematics during treadmill and overground walking.

Their study indicated that the. Knee injury is an independent risk factor for the development of knee osteoarthritis (OA) in young adults [ 1 – 3 ]. The prevalence of post-traumatic OA (PTOA) can be as high as 80% at 10+ years after the initial injury [ 4 ], with 4–6 times higher.

Stiff-Knee gait (SKG) after stroke is often accompanied by decreased knee flexion angle during the swing phase. The decreased knee flexion has been hypothesized to originate from excessive quadriceps activation. However, it is unclear whether hyperreflexia plays a role in this activation.

The goal of this study was to establish the relationship between quadriceps hyperreflexia and knee flexion. The relationship between the kinematics of passive movement, the stretch of extensor muscles of the leg and the change induced in the gain of the soleus H reflex in humans.

Brain Research,89 – With the increased prevalence of musculoskeletal modelling to simulate the relationship of kinematics and muscle lengths in childhood CP gait abnormalities, 47 our findings of medial gastrocnemius and soleus muscle and tendon interactions during equinus gait should be considered to inform future walking simulations in this population.

since the pioneering work of Capaday and Stein (), amplitude modulation of the Hoffman reflex (H reflex) during human walking has been extensively studied, and it is well established that H-reflex amplitude is modulated in a phase-dependent phase-dependent modulation has been demonstrated in other reflexes, such as cutaneous and stretch reflex responses during human walking ().

Herzog, B.I. Prilutsky, Comments on ‘relationship between ankle muscle and joint kinetics during the stance phase of locomotion in the cat’, Journal of Biomechanics, /(94)N, 28, 5, (), (). Briefly, by actuators mounted at the joints of the orthosis, the Lokomat provides the subject with hip and knee joint movements that resemble normal walking on a treadmill.

The movement of the ankle joint is supported toward dorsiflexion by a passive foot-lifter during the swing phase; during the stance phase, the movement of the treadmill. A flexion deformity of the knee is the inability to fully straighten or extend the knee, also known as flexion contracture.

Normal active range of motion (AROM) of the knee is 0° extension and ° flexion. In people with a flexion deformity, AROM of one or both knees is reduced.

It develops as a result of failure of knee flexors to lengthen in tandem with the bone, especially when there is.Temporal couplings between rearfoot–shank complex and hip joint during walking.

Clinical biomechanics, 25(7), - ARTICLE. Introduction: A common assumption is that rearfoot ankle pronation occurs with hip internal rotation and rearfoot ankle supination with hip external rotation during walking.

For example, joint angle motion is larger during running compared with walking because of a greater flexion of hip and knee joints and an increased dorsiflexion at the ankle. The main kinematics features of the leg during the gait cycle are captured by the average waveforms of the elevation angles of the leg segments (thigh, shank, and foot.